Clues to INclusive  and Cognitive Learning Enhancement  in Schools –
A European Comenius Network


The Inclues project resulted in setting up a network to promote inclusive and cognitive education. The network was joined by higher education institutions for teacher training and other professions, schools, professional organisations, NGO’s involved in promoting inclusive or cognitive education, parents’ organisations and individuals, from the 8 partner countries, 5 other EU countries, as well as from 4 non-EU countries.  During 2003-2006 it was supported by the European Commission Comenius Programme and organised a series of events and activities. Since the end of the project it  continued in an networking way, in various other European projects, such as Daffodil, Distinc, Enablin+, IRIS, etc.


1.       Transforming teachers’ attitudes and classroom practice: the ultimate goal of this project is to develop in teachers (and others in an educating, evaluating or training role) an ability to value and develop the hidden learning potential of people who are “educationally at risk” of low schooling or exclusion, in order to create more successful learning experiences and competencies  and therefore exclude less

2.       Promoting cognitive education as an instrument towards inclusive education. Develop basic prerequisites of thinking, which are (mental) instruments to develop autonomy in order to learn how to learn. Re-educate teachers to teach in a more process-oriented way, to individualize contents and degrees of difficulties and levels of evaluation, to improve learning experiences and competencies.

3.       Transforming school systems, curricula, and teacher training, by infusing them with a cognitive and inclusive dimension.

4.       Promoting innovative didactic approaches which address several “forms of intelligence”

5.       Promoting more dynamic systems of evaluation & assessment of cognitive capacities by school guidance services, as well as of knowledge & skills by schools themselves. Psychologists must reorient their evaluation, more to learning processes than to standard products

Thematic area

Inclusive and cognitive education

 Inclusive education is defined as providing adapted, individually tailored education for all children in peer & age-related groups, across a variety of needs, abilities and levels of competences.  It provides the necessary support  within the normal classroom. It involves teaching children with learning difficulties (whatever their origin – social or disability) together with “normally” learning children.

Cognitive education is about activating a child’s basic cognitive skills (involved in learning basic academic skills, as well as social, motor, artistic and emotional adaptive learning), in order to develop its capacity to learn how to learn, to find the “clues” of learning. Hence the name IN-CLUES.

Target group

 Educational professionals (teachers, educational psychologists, SEN teachers, rehabilitation professionals, etc.) working with children who are educationally at risk of exclusion from the mainstream = children with learning difficulties regardless of the  “distant” causes (can be ethnic minority, disability, or socio-economic deprivation) and their parents


The activities of the Network consisted in:

·       Development and exchange of knowledge: setting up local networks; monitoring pilot projects of good practice; producing relevant materials for inclusive & cognitive education and assessment

·       Publication of scientific articles and books; translation and dissemination of products from previous projects;

·       Two  international conferences (Prague November 2005 & Rome September 2006)

·       National dissemination conferences in Riga, Mallorca and Milan, back to back with partner meetings

·       International networking & dissemination by linking up to an international summer school (application and approval for Comenius 2.2 and Grundvigt grants) for professionals and parents training in cognitive education and assessment; about Feuerstein’s Mediated Learning Experience-based Instrumental Enrichment Programme, organised in co-organisation with the International Centre for Enhancement of Learning Potential of Jerusale; and about Nyborg’s Concept Teaching Programme; as well as by attending other international conferences and networks.

·       Local training initiatives in inclusive & cognitive education, with training materials disseminated through the network and teaching staff from partner countries

·       Creation of 3 working groups:
(1) on the implementation conditions of inclusive education
(2)on teacher training for inclusive education
(3) on cognitive education and assessment.
The working groups produced a recommendation document to be used for educational policy makers. These have been published on the website as well as in a book.


(1)   a book with recommendations,  containing a DVD with all project products, examples of good practice, theory, research, educational materials (in multi-media format: video clips, E-book, texts).

Lebeer, J. (Ed.) (2006), In-clues. Clues to inclusive and cognitive education. Antwerpen/Apeldoorn: Garant. Book and DVD with videosamples of inclusive schools, interviews, articles of 2 Special Issues, reports. Order at: 16€


(2) two special issues of an international professional journal (Transylvanian Journal of Psychology), containing 50 articles with research results and project descriptions,  world-wide accessible through the Psychinfo database and Ebsco Academic Search Complete. The articles are also available on the DVD accompanying the book.
For abstracts, see
Full text:

(3) a special issue of theTransylvanian Journal of Psychology, on dynamic assessment towards inclusion,  world-wide accessible through the Psychinfo database and Ebsco Academic Search Complete. The articles are also available on the DVD accompanying the book.
For abstracts, see
Full text:

(3) the translated versions of books useful in implementation of inclusive & cognitive education, e.g. Index for Inclusion, Dutch version, Czech version


(4) books in non-English languages with conference proceedings.


Thanks to this networking, local inclusion projects for children with disability and/or children at risk of educational failure and exclusion, have benefited from other experiences in Europe, thus being able to refine their practice. Thousands of professionals and parents working to promote inclusive education have come across the network and have got access to documents for policy makers and classroom use. Local, regional or nation-wide networking groups have been generated to promote inclusive education and influence policy makers. Some of the teacher training colleges (Belgium, Latvia, Romania) and other training organisations (Latvia) started introducing new training modules. Thanks to translations, tools developed by network partners became available and are being used in other countries ( e.g. Index for Inclusion in Belgium, Romania; Numicon and Downsed materials from UK to Norway and Belgium; Inside teachers’ guide from UK and Belgium to Latvia, Czech Republic & Spain)








Universiteit Antwerpen, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Project INCENA Inclusion & Enablement . Campus Drie Eiken, Building R

Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Wilrijk, Belgium

Contact person: Jo Lebeer Coordinator

Tel. +32 3 265 25 29   Fax +32 3 265 25 26


HA- Hogeschool Antwerpen (now AP University College) Department BLS (Teacher Training)

Campus Zuid, Bouwmeesterstraat 3,
B-2000 Antwerpen, Belgium

Tel.: +32 3 259 08 00  Fax: +32 3 259 08 18

Contact person: Sonia Depauw,

Spain logo fere

F.E.R.E, Spanish Federation of Christian Schools, Department of Pedagogical Innovation, Hacienda de Pavones 5, 28030 Madrid - España

Tel.: +34 91-3288000  Fax: +34 91-3288001

Contact person: Lorenzo Tébar Belmonte  Web:


Istituto Universitario Scienze Motorie
P. Lauro de Bosis 15, 00194 Roma
Contact : Lucia de Anna,
Tel +39 0636733.328  Fax: +39 0636733.339 Web:


Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca
Facoltà delle Scienze della Formazione

Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo, 1 - 20126, Milano

Tel : +39 02 64486812Contact person: Ottavia Albanese  & Roberta Garbo 


Feb 2004

Centre for  Studies on Inclusive Education

New Redland, Frenchay Campus, Coldharbour Lane, Bristol BS16 1QU Contact person: Mark Vaughan

Tel. +44 1173284007 Fax.+44 1173284005

E-mail Web: 


Institutt for Anvendt Pedagogikk INAP-Pedverket
Uttrågata 12, Postboks 115, N-5701 Voss,
Contact person : Gunvor Sønnesyn
Tel. +47 56521820 Fax. +47 56521821
E-mail Web:



Contact person: Jarl Formo 

Czech RepublicCharlesUniverstyPrague

Karlova Univerzita, Pedagogická fakulta
Katedra pedagogické a školní psychologie
Myslíkova 7, CZ – 116 39, Praha 1
Tel + 420-221-900-542 Fax +420-221-900-544
Contact person: Věra Pokorná


Centre for Educational Initiatives

Rigas Str. 216 b, Jekabpils, LV-5201 , Latvia

Tel & fax +371 5235635
Contact person: Zenija Berzina, director

e-mail: web

Romania ubbsmall

Babes-Bolyai University  -, Department of Psychology – Str.Kogalniceanu 1-3 3400 Cluj-Napoca
Contact: Maria Roth and I.Szamoskozi
Tel +40 6 419 43 15  Fax +40 6 419 19 06




The INCLUES received from 2003-2006 financial support from the European Life Long Learning Programme, grant agreement number 107855-CP-1-2003-1-Comenius-C3PP